Proteins, why do we need them?
Proteins are great for cell-building. It not only builds up the cells in our body but also helps in cell repairing. The skin that we polish every day, the nails that we cut, the hair that we grow, or the muscles that we flex – all are in debt to the proteins in our body which manages a massive part of the body. The red blood cells or the hemoglobin in our body is there due to the proteins. It also helps in growth of anti-bodies which increases the defense system of the body. The mesh that forms around the open gashing wound, even that is protein. But what happens when too much protein is consumed.
Breaking the myth:
A normal person needs a minimum amount of 40-60 grams of protein in their body. An excess of protein in the bodies can lead to overtaxing of the kidneys to such extent that almost 30% of the kidney can be lost in the process. High-protein diets are often associated with weight loss but when too much is followed it may lead to serious metabolic changes leading to bone loss. Even kidney stone possibilities become high.
Therefore, a low protein diet should be maintained. This is a kind of diet where proteins are avoided or kept to the minimum as per the body requirement. It is usually prescribed for the patients suffering from liver and heart problems.
The norms to a perfect low-protein diet:
Generally fruits and vegetables fall in the low protein category. Fresh fruits and vegetables. However these are not enough for the body to generate sufficient energy and thus healthy fats, vegetable oils and different types of nuts such as cashews and walnuts are recommended. The best part is having candies or a sweetener is a complete green signal.
Fresh salads, mayonnaise, sandwich, fresh vegetables etc are also a good source. Many adaptations can be made by changing the usual recipes and substituting them with food that are less in proteins and yet required by the body.
What not to:
Food like meat, egg, fish, yoghurt, cheese, milk- should be avoided or kept to minimum as they are rich in protein and would destroy the whole point of the diet.
How does low-protein help?
This less consumption of protein reduces the burden on the livers and kidneys. A low protein diet also reliefs us from gouts which can be caused due to high uric acid caused form high protein intake percentage. Tyrosinemia which is a rare disease caused by metabolic disorders can be fixed with this low protein diet.
However it is not advised to go on a crash protein diet streak until professional advice is seeked or only after a thorough medical check-up assuring the body vitals to be normal. This diet is especially formulated for people who suffer from liver and kidney problems as to much protein intake makes the liver and kidney work more and with more and more work burden on the already injured kidney or liver can cause more harm to it. Wound healings will be slow and the body’s immunity system will get messed up so a constant consistent diet is a strict no-no too. It is just for a short span of time.